The Apprehension Avoidance Course encompasses techniques used to defeat restraints such as handcuffs, “flex-cuffs”, as well as improvised restraint devices. It deals with the “how to” of physically and psychologically dealing with initial incarceration (i.e. vehicle transport) by adversarial entities. Students are shown that these techniques are effective even under the stress of the physiological and psychological effects of startle, fear, and imminent danger. This training is specifically designed for high-risk individuals who are subject to apprehension or kidnapping.