TCCC is the standard of care for the tactical management of combat casualties within the Department of Defense and is the sole standard of care dually endorsed by both the American College of Surgeons and the National Association of EMTs for casualty management in tactical environments. TCCC is built around three definitive phases of casualty care:
Care Under Fire: Care is rendered at the scene of the injury while both the medic and the casualty are under hostile fire. Available medical equipment is limited to that carried by each Warfighter and the medic.
Tactical Field Care: Rendered once the casualty is no longer under hostile fire. Medical equipment is still limited to that carried into the field by mission personnel. The time prior to evacuation may range from a few minutes to many hours.
Tactical Evacuation Care (TACEVAC): Rendered while the casualty is evacuated to a higher echelon of care. Any additional personnel and medical equipment pre-staged in these assets will be available during this phase.
These courses cover the Care under fire and Tactical Field care phases for soldiers that are isolated or in small units away from medical assistance, using small bags that have minimal equipment. The Warfighter will learn these techniques in a classroom setting and then apply the techniques in a realistic stressful combat force-on-force setting on moulage patients or Live Human Models. The student will learn each piece of medical gear in his IFAK bag and its use in the real world. These courses utilize multiple scenarios in Mounted/Dismounted, Day/Night, and Rural/Urban situations that train and test the skills in saving the lives of his fellow Warfighters.